In 1999, a joint international consultancy mission carried out a brief malaria situational analysis, which was followed by a written analysis by the Ministry of Health (MISAU). Moreover, situational analyses were undertaken in 2000 in the districts of Moatize, Massinga, Quelimane, Angoche, Mocuba and Manhiça. The outcomes from those analyses formed the basis for the development of the Mozambican Strategic Plan for the Roll Back Malaria initiative. The above-mentioned plan expires this year and will be replaced by this strategic document, which was developed by reviewing and updating the 2003-2006 Strategic Plan.
Malaria is endemic throughout Mozambique in areas where climate favours its transmission throughout the year, with transmission peaking after the rainy season (from December to April). Plasmodium falciparum is the most prevalent parasite, accounting for approximately 90% of all malaria infections, while P. malariae and P. ovale are respectively responsible for 9.1 and 0,9% of all infections.