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Introduction to Ebola disease: Managing infectious hazards
- Ebola disease is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
- The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and then spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
- The average Ebola case fatality rate is around 50%. Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival.
- Five species of Ebola virus have been identified. Among them, Bundibugyo ebolavirus, Zaïre ebolavirus, and Sudan ebolavirus have been associated with large outbreaks in Africa.